An article by Ricardo Goldemberg on Classical Net
Abstract: This study aims to analyse the movement of orpheonic singing in Brazil in the thirties and forties, under the guidance of Heitor Villa-Lôbos. Although it was a successful movement in the beginning, the dissemination of musical culture through singing in Brazil stagnated and is virtually forgotten. This study shows that orpheonic singing followed the same principles which developed a successful teaching method in other countries like Hungary and aims to identify the particular causes of failure in Brazil. Thus the following aspects are discussed: political reasons/background, lack of adequate pedagogic capability, lack of a sufficiently structured teaching methodology.